Animals, land and environment

Career outlook for farrier

Average UK salary


Currently employed in Scotland


"LMI for All" supplies our salary and employment status information. "Oxford Economics" supplies job forecasts and employment figures. Due to COVID-19 the jobs market is constantly changing. Some of the information may not reflect the current situation.

What's it like?

You would make horseshoes and attach them to horses’ hooves. You’d care for animals’ feet and identify any health problems with their legs and feet.

You’d work mainly with horses but also with donkeys and mules. You’d need to have an interest in horses and understand their behaviour.

You would:

  • Discuss and agree the horse’s shoeing requirements with the owner
  • Check the horse's leg, foot and hooves
  • Cut away any excess growth on the hooves and make sure that the horse is properly balanced
  • Choose the most suitable type of shoe for the horse's size, foot condition, type of activity and working conditions
  • Make horseshoes by hand or machine
  • Adjust the shape of the shoes, using a hammer and anvil
  • Fit the horseshoes

You may also work with veterinary surgeons and equine hospitals to provide corrective shoeing and surgical farriery.

As a farrier, you would use some of the same skills as a blacksmith, though blacksmiths can only fit shoes to horses if they are registered as farriers.

Most farriers are self-employed, so you would need to organise your own bookings and order your own stock and tools. You would also need to keep accounts and promote your business.

Working conditions


Your working hours would vary according to the needs of your customers, and may include some weekends.


Farriery is very physical work. It involves a lot of bending and lifting, and sometimes working outdoors in all weather conditions.


You would travel to customers' premises, for example farms, riding schools or stables. A driving licence is necessary, and you will need a vehicle that is suitable for carrying around a mobile workshop, stock and tools.

UK employment status





Self employed


Create a qualification route

We've found some examples of the qualifications that could help you get this job.

Discover my route

Search course options

Thinking about your future? There are lots of courses available that could interest you. Use our course search to explore course options.

Find courses

Search job opportunities

If you're looking for your new career our job search can help you. Discover interesting opportunities and decide your next steps.

Find a job

Here are some of the skills needed for this job. Sign in to see how your skills match up.

  • Resilience
  • Taking initiative
  • Concentrating
  • Attention to detail
  • Verbal communication
  • Cooperating
  • Building relationships
  • Social conscience

Skills Explorer

Your skills can help you choose the career that's right for you. You can build your skills through work, study or activities you do in your spare time.

Our Skills Explorer tool will help you understand what skills you have and match them to jobs that might suit you.

Use the Skills Explorer tool

Getting in

Entry requirements for courses can change. Always contact the college, university or training provider to check exactly what you'll need.


You need an advanced apprenticeship with an Approved Training Farrier (ATF). You need at least five National 5 qualifications (SCQF level 5).

Useful subjects

  • English
  • Maths

You will also need

A farrier must be registered with the Farriers' Registration Council (by law). In order to register you must first complete an advanced apprenticeship with an Approved Training Farrier.

A driving licence is usually required.

Helpful to have

Qualifications and experience that show work with horses, animals and the rural environment, such as:

  • Skills for Work Rural Skills (SCQF level 4)
  • National Progression Award in Horse Care (SCQF level 4/6)
  • National Certificate in Horse Care (SCQF level 5)