patissier konditor

Career outlook for

Figures and forecasts for roles at the same level, which require similar skills and qualifications.

Average UK salary

Currently employed in Scotland

Jobs forecast

This information is supplied by LMI For All, where data is currently available for Scotland.

What's it like?

You would make baked goods for customers in shops and supermarkets. Or you’d bake and sell your hand-made products in a small craft bakery or delicatessen.

As well as bread and rolls, you’d make other items such as pastries, pies, cakes and biscuits. You’d also decorate and fill them with cream, fruit, jam or icing so they look appetising and taste delicious.

You would:

  • Weigh out the ingredients
  • Mix the ingredients according to the recipe
  • Work out cooking times
  • Shape the individual products
  • Bake the goods in ovens

Once they are baked you would get them ready to put on display and sell. You would decorate cakes and pastries, and wrap and label the products.

You’d need to order supplies to ensure you have enough ingredients to make everything you need.

You could also experiment with ingredients and recipes to create new products for customers to enjoy. You’d need to meet hygiene, and health and safety standards.

You’d usually work in one of three types of bakery.

At a plant bakery, you’d use specialist machinery to make large amounts of baked goods for shops, supermarkets and other large customers.

As an in-store baker in a supermarket, you’d use some machinery to make fresh products to be sold in the store.

At a craft bakery, you’d make small quantities of products which will be sold in a shop, delicatessen or chain of specialist shops. The work would be more varied and although you’d use some machinery, you’d do much of the work by hand.

Working conditions


You would usually work 39 hours a week over five days, with very early starts. Plant bakeries usually operate shifts on a rota system, which include nights and weekends. As an in-store or craft baker you would also be expected to cover weekends.


The work involves a lot of standing as well as lifting and carrying trays and heavy sacks of flour, although lifting equipment is widely used. Bakeries can be noisy and dusty. If you have asthma, an allergy to dust, or have certain skin conditions, you may find this kind of work unsuitable.

UK employment status



Self employed

People behind the job

Meet real people who’ve done this job – hear their stories and the path they took to get there.

Here are some of the skills that people in this job would be most likely to have:

  • Working as part of a team
  • Working with your hands
  • Being physically fit
  • Being creative
  • Planning and organising
  • Working with numbers

Build your skills

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Getting in

Entry requirements for courses can change. Always contact the college, university or training provider to check exactly what you’ll need.

Foundation Apprenticeships

Choosing a Foundation Apprenticeship as one of your subjects in S5 and S6 can help you get a head start with this type of job.

You'll get an SCQF level 6 qualification (the same level as a Higher) plus valuable work placement experience and skills you can't learn in a classroom.

Interested? Find out what's on offer at your school on


Enter this job:

  • directly with qualifications at SCQF levels 4 to 6
  • or through a Modern Apprenticeship leading to relevant work-based experience and qualifications such as a Scottish Vocational Qualification in Food Manufacture: Craft Bakery Skills (SVQ level 2)
  • or by completing a college course in an appropriate subject such as a NC Bakery (SCQF level  5) or NPA Bakery (SCQF level  4)

You can enter some National Qualification courses (SCQF 2-6) with no formal qualifications.

A National Certificate (NC) or National Progression Award (NPA) usually requires a minimum of three National 4 qualifications (SCQF level 4).                                                                                                              

Useful subjects

  • Maths
  • English
  • Hospitality: Practical Cookery
  • Hospitality: Practical Cake Craft
  • Health and food technology

Helpful to have

Qualifications and experience that demonstrate an interest in food and catering such as Skills for Work Food and Drink (SCQF level 5) or Hospitality (SCQF level 4/5).